Category Archives: Various

Badbury Rings – An Iron Age hill fort – video

The Iron Age hill fort in East Dorset, England, known as Badbury Rings,  was most probably constructed by the Durotriges tribe who inhabited the area before the Roman invasion.

It is believed that the Durotriges were the first real opposition that the Romans encountered and were one of the two tribes that fought against the future emperor Vespasian and the 2nd Legion in the early phases of the invasion.

Hill forts had existed in Britain from the Bronze Age, but what is interesting about the Durotriges is the fact that they still occupied hill forts when the Roman invasion started. One of the most fascinating of these Durotrigan hill forts is Badbury Rings.

Badbury Rings is one of the largest Iron Age forts in Britain.
It has three concentric ditches and ramparts and is nearly a mile in circumference.

 

Aerial view of Badbury Rings

Badbury Rings consists of three concentric rings of a bank and ditch construction, dug to a depth of almost 20 feet. However, it seems that this was not enough to stop the advance of Vespasian and the 2nd legion who managed to conquer Badbury Rings.

Although there’s no clear evidence, it is speculated that the Romans established a town outside the fort called Vindocladia. It is said that Vindocladia became one of the biggest Roman towns in Dorset and excavations that started at the beginning of the 1990s uncovered pottery, robber trenches, tesserae and evidence for iron working.

Toposcope in the center of Badbury Rings hill fort

Apparently, Badbury Rings was of a great strategic significance for the Romans since their road network cut across Dorset. There were five Roman roads near Badbury Rings, including a military road from the Lake Farm fort, 3 miles southeast of Badbury, that passed by the northeast side of Badbury Rings on its way to Hod Hill further north. In the later Roman period, another road was built that passed through Vindocladia and led to the roman town of Dorchester.

Excavations also revealed that West of Badbury Rings there is a Roman/Celtic temple that was used from about 0AD to 400AD. Nearly 200 Roman coins and more than 20 Durotrigan coins were found at the site, as well as roofing tiles, painted wall plaster, jewelry, and pottery.

Badbury Rings is the fifth in a series of Iron Age earthworks, starting from Hambledon Hill, and also including Hod Hill, Spetisbury Rings, Buzbury Rings, Badbury Rings and Dudsbury Camp.

 

During the Roman era, five Roman roads formed a complex junction on the north side of Badbury Rings.

Some people believe that Badbury Rings is the site of Mons Badonicus (Mount Badon), where King Arthur fought his greatest battle against the Saxons. There is no firm evidence to back this up, but the similarity between the names Badbury and Badon suggest that there is a possibility that Badbury Rings is the location of the battle.

A legend has it that at midnight King Arthur and his Knights return to haunt the battlefield. Another legend tells how marching Roman legionaries haunt Badbury Rings. But, of course, these legends are just a part of the fascinating history of Badbury Rings.

The site belongs to the National Trust.

The site, which was privately owned until 1983, is now part of the Kingston Lacy estate and it belongs to the National Trust, who have provided free access. It is a popular tourist destination that offers fabulous views across the Dorset countryside and a history that goes back thousands of years.

 

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The Anunnaki Timeline – Coming to Earth

The Anunnaki Timeline – Coming to Earth: (According to Sitchin)

Some 450,000 years ago, they detected reserves of gold in southeast Africa and made a colonial expedition to Earth, splashing down in what is now the Persian Gulf.

Mr. Sitchin added – these Nibiru-ites recruited laborers from Earth’s erect primates to build eight great cities. Enki, who became the Sumerians’ god of science, bestowed some of the Nibiru-ites’ advanced genetic makeup upon these bipeds so they could work as miners.

This is how Mr. Sitchin explains what scientists attribute to evolution. He says the aliens’ cities were washed away in a great flood 30,000 years ago, after which they began passing on their knowledge to humans. He showed a photograph of a woodcarving from 7,000 B.C. of a large man handing over a plow to a smaller man: Ah, the passing on of agricultural knowledge. Anyway, he said, the Nibiru-ites finally jetted home in their spacecraft, around 550 B.C.

“This is in the texts; I’m not making it up, concluded Sitchin.”

450,000 B.C.
After long wars, the atmosphere of Nibiru began to deteriorate and became a hostile place for life, The Anunnaki needed gold to repair their atmosphere. According to researchers, we can use gold nanoparticles to repair our damaged ozone layer.

445,000 A.C.
The Anunnaki aliens landed on Earth and established their base in Eridu, wanting to extract gold from the Persian Gulf. They were led by Enki, son of Anu.

416,000 B.C.
Gold production fell, which made Anu come to Earth. Beside him, his other son Enlil arrived. Anu decided that mining would take place in Africa and promoted Enlil in charge of the Terran mission.

400,000 A. C.
In southern Mesopotamia were seven developed nations. Among the most important were: “Sipar”, “Nippur” and “Shuruppak”. After the metal was refined, the ore was transported from Africa with ‘ships’ and sent into orbit.


Curiously, the ancient Sumerian King List—one of the most interesting ancient texts ever found on our planet which details with great accuracy the rulers of the ancient Sumerian Civilization—describes Kings—Beings—who ruled over Earth living for thousands of years.

From the Sumerian King List, we read: “…After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridug. In Eridug, Alulim became king; he ruled for 28800 years. Alaljar ruled for 36000 years. 2 kings; they ruled for 64800 years.”

This ancient document describes a time on Earth when unknown beings lived for thousands of years and ruled over the ancient cities of the region. Researchers have not been able to explain why the unique list blends mythical pre-dynastic rulers with historical rulers who are known to have existed and as such have mixed feelings when it comes to the interpretation of the Sumerian King list.

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The standing stone(s) of Al-Naslaa are a GIANT mystery

The standing stone(s) of Al-Naslaa truly are a GIANT mystery. Located in Saudi Arabia, the two stones split in half have created confusion among experts ever since their discovery.

Considered as one of the most photogenic petroglyphs on the surface of the planet, the massive rock is split in half with extreme precision. However, according to experts, the laser-like precision cut was NOT created artificially.

According to many, it is one of the greatest mysteries found by man, and this incredible ancient stone structure attracts thousands of tourists each year who come to Al-Naslaa to observe its perfection and balance, which has given rise to countless theories that try to explain its origin.

The rock is in perfect balance, supported by two bases and the strangest thing is that it is perfectly split in half. It all suggests that at some point it must have been worked on by extremely precise tools, some have even ventured out and said laser-like tools.

Look at that precision!

 

Each part of the split stone has a smaller rock or shock absorber at the bottom, preventing it from touching the ground.

Archaeological discoveries show that in ancient times the region where the rock is located was inhabited. In fact, it is one of the most photogenic petroglyphs in the area.

The megalith was discovered by Charles Huver in 1883, and ever since its discovery, it has been a subject of debate among experts who have divided opinions when it comes to its origin.

In 2010, SCTH – Saudi Commission for Tourism & National Heritage announced the discovery of a rock near Tayma with a hieroglyphic inscription of Pharaoh Ramses III.  Based on this discovery, researchers have hypothesized that Tayma was part of an important land route between the Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula and the Nile Valley. Recent archaeological discoveries show that Tayma has been inhabited since the Bronze Age.

As noted by http://saudi-archaeology.com the split between two standing rock and its flat surface is a completely natural occurrence.

UnusualPlaces offers a natural explanation for the enigmatic, laser-like cut…

“…Most likely the ground shifted slightly underneath one of the two supports and the rock split. Could be from a volcanic dike of some weaker mineral that solidified there before everything was exhumed. Or, it could be an old pressure crack (you see a parallel crack just to the right of it) that has been pushed/pulled apart some. Or, it could be an old (minor) fault line, since fault motion often creates a zone of weakened rock that erodes relatively easier than the surrounding rock…”


 


But that of course is just another theory. The extremely precise cut, dividing the two stones has raised more questions than answers.

If we are to understand its origin, perhaps we should travel back in time.

According to reports, the oldest mention of the oasis city appears as “Tiamat” in Assyrian inscriptions dating as far back as the 8th century BCE. The oasis developed into a prosperous city, rich in water wells and handsome buildings.

Furthermore, archaeologists have discovered Cuneiform inscriptions possibly dating from the 6th century BCE at the oasis city. It is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. The biblical eponym is apparently Tema, one of the sons of Ishmael.

Interestingly, for part of his reign, Babylonian king Nabonidus retired to Tayma for worship and looking for prophecies, entrusting the kingship of Babylon to his son, Belshazzar.

As you can see, besides being an area where numerous archaeological discoveries have been made, the area where the incredible megalith of Al-Naslaa is located is also rich in history.

Taking a look at the stone of Al-Naslaa you cannot help and wonder what its true purpose was. Is the split in the rock really a result of the forces of nature as some experts suggest? Or is it possible that just as there are many other ancient places on Earth—dating back thousands of years—featuring precision cuts, this stone too was crafted by an unknown technology?

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Chariots of the Gods – Unsolved Mysteries of the Past

Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past  is a book authored in 1968 by Erich von Däniken. It involves the hypothesis that the technologies and religions of many ancient civilizations were given to them by ancient astronauts who were welcomed as gods.

Image result for chariots of the gods

Chariots of the Gods – Erich von Däniken

The first draft of the publication had been rejected by a variety of publishers. The book was extensively rewritten by its editor, Wilhelm Roggersdorf (a pen name of the German screenwriter Wilhelm “Utz” Utermann), Utermann had been a Nazi bestselling author and had held a leading position with the Völkischer Beobachter.

Chariots of the Gods posits a variety of hypotheses dealing with the possibility of extraterrestrial beings influencing ancient technology. Von Däniken suggests that some ancient structures and artifacts appear to represent higher technological knowledge than is presumed to have existed at the times they were manufactured. Von Däniken maintains that these artifacts were produced either by extraterrestrial visitors or by humans who learned the necessary knowledge from them.

Such artifacts include the Egyptian pyramids, Stonehenge, and the Moai of Easter Island. Further examples include a medieval map known as the Piri Reis Map, which von Däniken describes as showing the Earth as it is seen from space, and the Nazca lines in Peru, which he suggests may have been constructed by humans as crude replicas of previous alien structures, as a way to call the aliens back to Earth. He uses this same explanation to argue that cart-ruts in Malta may have had extraterrestrial purposes along with similar lines in Australia, Saudi Arabia, and the Aral Sea.

The book also suggests that ancient artwork throughout the world could be interpreted as depicting astronauts, air and space vehicles, extraterrestrials, and complex technology. Von Däniken describes elements that he believes are similar in art of unrelated cultures. Some artwork that von Däniken cites include the ancient Japanese Dogū figurines (which he believed to resemble astronauts in space suits) and 3,000 year-old carvings in the Egyptian New Kingdom Temple that appear to depict helicopter-like machines.

The book goes on to suggest that the origins of religions, including interpretations of the Old Testament of the Bible, are reactions to contact with an alien race. According to von Däniken, humans considered the technology of the aliens to be supernatural and the aliens themselves to be gods. Von Däniken asks if the oral and literal traditions of most religions contain references to visitors from stars and vehicles traveling through air and space. These, he says, should be interpreted as literal descriptions which have changed during the passage of time and become more obscure.

Examples include Ezekiel’s vision of the angels and the wheels, which Von Däniken interprets as a description of a spacecraft, the Ark of the Covenant, which is explained as a communication device with an alien race, and the destruction of Sodom by fire and brimstone, which is interpreted as a nuclear explosion.Von Däniken attempts to draw an analogy with the “cargo cults” that formed during and after World War II, when once-isolated tribes in the South Pacific mistook the advanced American and Japanese soldiers for gods.

Von Däniken also spends around one-third of the book discussing the possibility that humans could theoretically offer primitive civilizations on interstellar worlds advanced technology by the year 2100. This would, he writes, mimic the ancient extraterrestrial contact von Däniken believed to have happened on Earth.

The Chariots of the Gods spawned multiple sequels, including Gods from Outer Space and The Gods Were Astronauts. The theory in the original book is said to have influenced a variety of science fiction books, films, and television series. For instance, it is considered the inspiration for the History Channel television series, Ancient Aliens. It has also been used as a plot element in television shows and movies like Star Trek, The X-Files, the Alien franchise (most notably, Prometheus), and the Indiana Jones franchise.

 

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Medusa – Venomous snakes in place of hair – Video

In Ancient mythology Medusa  was a monster, a Gorgon, generally described as a winged human female with living venomous snakes in place of hair. Gazers upon her hideous face would turn to stone. Most sources describe her as the daughter of Phorcys and Ceto, though the author Hyginus makes her the daughter of Gorgon and Ceto. According to Hesiod and Aeschylus, she lived and died on an island named Sarpedon, somewhere near Cisthene. The 2nd-century BCE novelist Dionysios Skytobrachion puts her somewhere in Libya, where Herodotus had said the Berbers originated her myth, as part of their religion.

Medusa was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who thereafter used her head, which retained its ability to turn onlookers to stone, as a weapon until he gave it to the goddess Athena to place on her shield. In classical antiquity the image of the head of Medusa appeared in the evil-averting device known as the Gorgoneion.

Medusa in classical mythology

 

The three Gorgon sisters—Medusa, Stheno, and Euryale—were all children of the ancient marine deities Phorcys (or “Phorkys”) and his sister Ceto (or “Keto”), chthonic monsters from an archaic world. Their genealogy is shared with other sisters, the Graeae, as in Aeschylus’s Prometheus Bound, which places both trinities of sisters far off “on Kisthene’s dreadful plain”:

Near them their sisters three, the Gorgons, winged
With snakes for hair— hatred of mortal man—

While ancient Greek vase-painters and relief carvers imagined Medusa and her sisters as beings born of monstrous form, sculptors and vase-painters of the fifth century began to envisage her as being beautiful as well as terrifying. In an ode written in 490 BC Pindar already speaks of “fair-cheeked Medusa”.

In a late version of the Medusa myth, related by the Roman poet Ovid (Metamorphoses 4.770), Medusa was originally a ravishingly beautiful maiden, “the jealous aspiration of many suitors,” but because Poseidon had raped her in Athena’s temple, the enraged Athena transformed Medusa’s beautiful hair to serpents and made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn onlookers to stone. In Ovid’s telling, Perseus describes Medusa’s punishment by Minerva (Athena) as just and well earned.

In most versions of the story, she was beheaded by the hero Perseus, who was sent to fetch her head by King Polydectes of Seriphus because Polydectes wanted to marry his mother. The gods were well aware of this, and Perseus received help. He received a mirrored shield from Athena, gold, winged sandals from Hermes, a sword from Hephaestus and Hades’s helm of invisibility. Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena. During that time, Medusa was pregnant by Poseidon. When Perseus beheaded her, Pegasus, a winged horse, and Chrysaor, a giant wielding a golden sword, sprang from her body.

Medusa by Arnold Böcklin, circa 1878

Jane Ellen Harrison argues that “her potency only begins when her head is severed, and that potency resides in the head; she is in a word a mask with a body later appended… the basis of the Gorgoneion is a cultus object, a ritual mask misunderstood.”

In the Odyssey xi, Homer does not specifically mention the Gorgon Medusa:

Lest for my daring Persephone the dread,

From Hades should send up an awful monster’s grisly head.

Harrison’s translation states “the Gorgon was made out of the terror, not the terror out of the Gorgon.”

According to Ovid, in northwest Africa, Perseus flew past the Titan Atlas, who stood holding the sky aloft, and transformed him into stone when he tried to attack him. In a similar manner, the corals of the Red Sea were said to have been formed of Medusa’s blood spilled onto seaweed when Perseus laid down the petrifying head beside the shore during his short stay in Ethiopia where he saved and wed his future wife, the lovely princess Andromeda. Furthermore, the poisonous vipers of the Sahara, in the Argonautica 4.1515, Ovid’s Metamorphoses 4.770 and Lucan’s Pharsalia 9.820, were said to have grown from spilt drops of her blood. The blood of Medusa also spawned the Amphisbaena (a horned dragon-like creature with a snake-headed tail).

Perseus then flew to Seriphos, where his mother was about to be forced into marriage with the king. King Polydectes was turned into stone by the gaze of Medusa’s head. Then Perseus gave the Gorgon’s head to Athena, who placed it on her shield, the Aegis.

Some classical references refer to three Gorgons; Harrison considered that the tripling of Medusa into a trio of sisters was a secondary feature in the myth:

The triple form is not primitive, it is merely an instance of a general tendency… which makes of each woman goddess a trinity, which has given us the Horae, the Charites, the Semnai, and a host of other triple groups. It is immediately obvious that the Gorgons are not really three but one + two. The two unslain sisters are mere appendages due to custom; the real Gorgon is Medusa.

 

Medusa in Clash of the Titans (1981)

 

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NASA has released over 10.000 photos from the Apollo moon mission

Back in the time when the United States and the USSR were involved in a space race, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower started a space program, to remain competitive and ahead of the Russians. The program was named Apollo and was ran by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Later, President Eisenhower’s successor, John F. Kennedy, has given the project its real purpose: achieving the national goal of landing on the Moon. The program had 12 missions in the period from 1969 to 1972. Of those, six managed to reach their goal and land on the Moon.

Surface area of the Moon Photo Credit

The first project, Apollo 1, never left the surface of the Earth, due to malfunction. The next two missions, Apollo 8 and Apollo 10, went orbiting around the Moon and safely returned home, but these projects never landed on the Moon’s surface. The fourth mission, Apollo 11, was the first real success. On 20th July 1969, NASA astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Bull Aldrin, walked the surface of the Moon. The two spent two and a half hours on the Moon, taking photos, collecting rocks and planting the US flag. The third member of Apollo 11, Michael Collins, remained in a lunar orbit, waiting for Armstrong and Aldrin to return. After this historic victory of NASA and the United States, five more missions successfully landed on the Moon, but none of them achieved the fame and significance of Apollo 11.

Buzz Aldrin salutes the first American flag erected on the Moon, July 21st, 1969 Photo Credit

 

Earth from the Moon Photo Credit

 

Astronauts driving on the Moon Photo Credit

There are many proofs of the success of Apollo 11. A video of Neil Armstrong’s firsts steps on the Moon was recorded, and many photos were taken, including the one where Buzz Aldrin is planting the US flag on the rocky surface. At the same time, the most historic phone call of all times happened. US President Richard Nixon called the astronauts on the Moon and had a short conversation with them. The astronauts remained on the surface for 2,5 hours, planting a scientific experiment package and collecting soil examples.They had to return to the spacecraft after Armstrong had received a notification of his rising metabolic rates by the command in Houston. After spending 21 hours on the Moon, of which two and a half on the surface, Neil Armstrong, and Buzz Aldrin ascended the Moon surface and returned home on 24th July 1969. After their return, a series of parades were organized to honor and celebrate their success, and the astronauts were awarded the highest medals of honor issued by the US government.

 

American flag on the Moon Photo Credit

 

The first photograph was taken by Neil Armstrong on the surface of the Moon, 1969 Photo Credit

 

Nail Armstrong on the Moon Photo Credit

 

Neil Armstrong photographs the Moon Photo Credit

Neil Armstrong put his left foot on the rocky Moon Photo Credit

Although there are a lot of evidence of the Moon landing, a group of people decided not to believe in this story and began spreading conspiracy theories. Some claim that the landing was fake and that the NASA astronauts have never actually walked the Moon.

One of the most interesting theories is that the landing was made in Holywood, sponsored by Walt Disney and directed by Stanley Kubrick from a script written by Arthur C. Clarke. This claim came from the Flat Earth Society organization in 1980.

First Moon Landing Photo Credit

 

First human footprint on the Moon Photo Credit
NASA has tolerated these conspiracy theories for over 40 years. Even though the missions on the Moon in 2012 showed footage of the tracks of the first astronauts and photos of the flags planted in the early missions, conspiracy theories still exist.
In 2016, NASA has finally decided to fight back. More than 10.000 photos of the first Moon landing were made public, as NASA uploaded almost every image of the Apollo missions on their Flickr account. The photos are sorted by the roll of film they were on and have the resolution of 1800 dpi. By this, NASA proved the landings to be true, honoring the heroes who risked their lives for humanity and science.

The Gate of the Sun – A megalithic solid stone structure, confusing experts ever since its discovery

Constructed more than 1,500 years ago by the ancient Tiwanaku culture of Bolivia, “The Gate of the Sun“ is a megalithic solid stone arch that has been puzzling experts ever since its discovery by European Explorers in the mid-19th century.

Located near Lake Titicaca near La Paz, Bolivia, The Gate of the Sun is the most famous icon of the archaeological site at Tiahuanaco.

The Gate of the Sun was constructed by the Tiwanaku, a Pre-Columbian polity based in the city of Tiwanaku in western Bolivia. Photo Credit

 

Rediscovered by European explorers in the mid-19th century. Photo Credit

 

Carved from a single massive block of andesite stone. Photo Credit

 

Gate of the Sun, rear view (1903). Photo Credit

There have been many different interpretations of the mysterious inscriptions found on the object. Some historians believe that the central figure could be the Inca god Viracocha, the creator of all things, while others have linked it with the “Sun God,” because of the 24 linear rays that surround its face. Surrounding this mysterious character are 48 winged effigies, each in a square,  called “chasquis“ or “God Messengers.“

Some of them have human heads, while the others depict condor heads. Constructed from a single block of andesite, the object is approximately 9.8 ft tall and 13 ft wide, weighing almost 20,000 pounds.

The central character, who remains enigmatic despite a lot of speculation. Photo Credit

The God is also known as the “Crying God “ or “Weeping God“ because people have suggested that the markings on its face represent tears.

According to some researchers, the sculpture appears to reflect a solar year. However, it cannot be made to fit into the solar year as we presently divide it, because the calendar has 290 days, divided into twelve months of 24 days each.

Surrounding the face are 48 figures called chasquis or God Messengers. Photo Credit

 

32 of the effigies have human faces, and 16 have condors’ heads. Photo Credit

 

Other radical theories suggest it was a portal to another dimension. Photo Credit

 

It is believed that the strange symbols that decorate the gate have some astronomic connotations. Photo Credit

Some theories even suggest it was used as a portal to another dimension. Although it stands in the place where it was found, it is believed that this is not its original location.

However, with no evidence to support this belief, the original location of the structure remains uncertain.

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