Archaeologists have discovered two 2400 years of pure gold ‘bongs’ that were used by Aryan tribal chiefs to smoke cannabis during ceremonies. The history of drug use was found next to 7lbs of other golden elements when an area of land was dug up to Russia to make way for power lines. They had been buried in a stone chamber before being hidden by a thick layer of clay.
Since criminologists have carried out tests that indicate that the thick black residue found inside the vessels comes from cannabis and opium which the tribal royal smoked. Experts believe that the elements belong to the nomadic Scythians, a warrior race that ruled over vast expanses of Europe and Asia between the 9th century BC and the 4th century AD. This means that the so-called bongs could be one of the oldest of existence. Several historians say that the Scythians, smoked and sometimes brewed, a mixture of cannabis and opium in order to change their state of mind before leaving to battle. The famous Greek historian Herodotus, who died in 425 BC, wrote: “Cythians used a factory to produce smoke that no bath steam can exceed what shouts them.” The dig has also led to the discovery of gold cuts, rings and necklaces, all of which have since been cleaned and put on display in a Russian museum. “Antonn Gass of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation in Berlin said: “These are some of the most beautiful things we know about the area.”
47 ingots of Orichalcum have been recovered by archaeologists, this is said to be the fabled metal that was used on the walls of the mysterious city of Atlantis. But can the new find help scientists to locate the lost city?
A trading ship on the Mediterranean Sea sank more than 2,600 years ago, just off the Sicily coast. Some of the cargo on board the ship included many dozens of Orichalcum alloy ingots. Many people believe that the discovery may shed new light on what is an age-old mystery, despite the fact that the lost continent of Atlantis was said to be a lot older than the age of the sunken ship. The shipwreck occurred around 1,000 feet away from the coast of the city of Gela, in Sicily, which was found submerged in under 10 feet of water. Archaeologists went diving off the coast in 2015 and recovered 39 ingots that were made from a strange alloy material that contained copper, zinc and charcoal, which was said to be the metal that builders used on the lost city of Atlantis.
THE CITY OF ATLANTIS WAS OPULENT
The Greek philosopher Plato had described Orichalcum as being a precious metal in Critias, regarding value it was said to be second to gold. It was a big surprise to hear that the alloy was thought to have been extensively used in the city of Atlantis. Plato said that the Temple of Poseidon in the city had floors and interiors that had been made out of metal and in the middle was a huge pillar of Orichalcum that had been inscribed with the laws of the sea gods. He went on to say that more opulence had been visible on the exterior, with the whole of the outer wall circling the citadel of Atlantis being flashed with the red light of Orichalcum. The name of the alloy is taken from the Greek word Oreikhalkos, which means mountain copper. Plato suggested that the metal in the composition was found extensively and mined on Atlantis. Flavius Josephus also mentioned the substance when he said that the vessels in the Solomon Temple had been made out of Orichalcum or bronze that was very similar to gold.
WILL FINDINGS OF ORICHALCUM BE A STEP CLOSER TO THE FINDING LOST CITY OF ATLANTIS?
Before the discovery, the researchers didn’t have much information about Orichalcum because it hadn’t been found in such large quantities before. The mystery is made even more complex as historians cannot agree about what the alloy really was. Joseph Needham, a British researcher, said that in the ancient world there had been two different types of Orichalcum and one was a copy of the other. He pointed out that the mixture for the Orichalcum used in Atlantis had been lost throughout time and the alloy from Ancient Greece was, in fact, a replica that was inferior. But will the findings of the ingots of Orichalcum take scientists a big step closer to finding the true location of the Lost City of Atlantis?
In the Bamyan Valley of central Afghanistan, two statues stood 35 and 53 meters tall. They were depictions of Buddha carved into the side of the cliff at different times – between 544 and 595 for the smaller statue, and between 591 and 644 for the larger one. They had been carved directly into the sandstone cliffs and details were added with stucco.
This was then painted so the statues had clear faces and hands, and the folds of cloth could be seen. The larger statue was a carmine red and the smaller one was multi-colored. Most of this painted layer had worn off over time. It is thought that while the main bodies of the statues were made of sandstone, the faces had been a great wooden mask, as in photographs holes can be seen where pegs would have fit.
A lost ancient Egyptian city submerged beneath the sea 1,200 years ago is starting to reveal what life was like in the legendary port of Thonis-Heracleion.
Heracleion disappeared beneath the Mediterranean around 1,200 years agoPhoto: Franck Goddio/Hilti Foundation, graphic: Yann Bernard
For centuries it was thought to be a legend, a city of extraordinary wealth mentioned by Herodotus, visited by Helen of Troy and Paris, her lover, but apparently buried under the sea.
In fact, Heracleion was true, and a decade after divers began uncovering its treasures, archaeologists have produced a picture of what life was like in the city in the era of the pharaohs.
The city, also called Thonis, disappeared beneath the Mediterranean around 1,200 years ago and was found during a survey of the Egyptian shore at the beginning of the last decade.
Now its life at the heart of trade routes in classical times are becoming clear, with researchers forming the view that the city was the main customs hub through which all trade from Europe and the Mediterranean entered in Egypt.
Photo: Christoph Gerigk
They have discovered the remains of more than 64 ships buried in the thick clay and sand that now covers the sea bed. Gold coins and weights made from bronze and stone have also been found, hinting at the trade that went on.
Giant 16 foot statues have been uncovered and brought to the surface while archaeologists have found hundreds of smaller statues of minor gods on the sea floor.
Slabs of stone inscribed in both ancient Macedonian and Ancient Egyptian have also been brought to the surface.
Dozens of small limestone sarcophagi were also recently uncovered by divers and are believed to have once contained mummified animals, put there to appease the gods.
Dr Damian Robinson, director of the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford, who is part of the team working on the site, said: “It is a major city we are excavating.
“The site has amazing preservation. We are now starting to look at some of the more interesting areas within it to try to understand life there.
“We are getting a rich picture of things like the trade that was going on there and the nature of the maritime economy in the Egyptian late period. There were things were coming in from Macedonians and the Phoenicians.
Photo: Christoph Gerigk
“We have hundreds of small statues of gods and we are trying to find where the temples to these gods were in the city.
“The ships are really interesting as it is the biggest number of ancient ships found in one place and we have found over 700 ancient anchors so far.”
The researchers, working with German TV documentary makers, have also created a three dimensional reconstruction of the city.
At its heart was a huge temple to the god Amun-Gereb, the supreme god of the Egyptians at the time.
From this stretched a vast network of canals and channels, which allowed the city to become the most important port in the Mediterranean at the time.
Last month archaeologists from around the world gathered at the University of Oxford to discuss the discoveries starting to emerge from the treasures found in Heracleion, named for Hercules, who legend claimed had been there.
It was also mentioned fleetingly in ancient texts.
Dr Robinson said: “It was the major international trading port for Egypt at this time. It is where taxation was taken on import and export duties. All of this was run by the main temple.”
Submerged under 150 feet of water, the site sits in what is now the Bay of Aboukir. In the 8th Century BC, when the city is thought to have been built, it would have sat at the mouth of the River Nile delta as it opened up into the Mediterranean.
Scientists still have little idea what caused the city to slip into the water nearly 1,000 years later, but it is thought that gradual sea level rise combined with a sudden collapse of the unstable sediment the city was built on caused the area to drop by around 12 feet.
Over time the city faded from memory and its existence, along with other lost settlements along the coast, was only known from a few ancient texts.
French underwater archaeologist Dr Franck Goddio was the first to rediscover the city while doing surveying of the area while looking for French warships that sank there in the 18 century battle of the Nile.
Photo: Christoph Gerigk
When divers began sifting down through the thick layers of sand and mud, they could barely believe what they found.
“The archaeological evidence is simply overwhelming,” said Professor Sir Barry Cunliffe, an archaeologist at the University of Oxford has also been taking part in the excavation.
“By lying untouched and protected by sand on the sea floor for centuries they are brilliantly preserved.”
The researchers now also hope that they may even find some sarcophagi used to bury humans in some of the outlying areas around the sunken city.
“The discoveries enhance the importance of the specific location of the city standing at the ‘Mouth of the Sea of the Greek’,” said Dr Goddio, who has led the excavation.
“We are just at the beginning of our research. We will probably have to continue working for the next 200 years for Thonis-Heracleion to be fully revealed and understood.”
The final resting place of the greatest of all Kings, King of the Kings, Aleksandar from Makedon, Alexander the Great is a location that is inspiring human brains for centuries. Many have tried to lie, manipulate, or just make meaningless profit from the mentioning of the Sacred Name of Makedon during the past. “Scientists”, “investigative journalists”, even governments have tried to be persuasive with their claims about the “great archeological findings”. The broad public audience, always hungry for cheap and false propaganda, is swallowing the informations from all around the world and forgetting about them soon after “the exclusive news” were published.
In this century, we could read that the tomb of Alexander the Great is in Egypt, Venice, Turkey, America, Russia, et cetera….Greece 🙂 (there is no such thing as “ancient Greece” – for start, read Martin Bernal – Black Athena). Hellenic tribe Elini is just one of the Pelasgian, white tribes and the other population that is different in body, mind and spirit is something else.
Back to the subject. False hellass propaganda proved that they tried to lie many times. Falce fyromian propaganda, too. Why? Claiming that there is tomb of Filip of Makedon. Philip of Macedon, father of Alexander in Kutlesh – Vergina, tomb of Alexander in Amphipolis, some tomb of Aristotle somewhere in that “modern Greece”, et cetera. In Republic of Macedonia, that changed the name and flag in the past century, and now is called FYROM there were several claims and attemptions to attract the public opinion on the topic “tomb of Alexander the Great”. If it wasn’t so obvious and sad in historical and esoteric point of view, the fact that the airport in Skopje named “Alexander the Great – Aleksandar Veliki” is managed by Turkish company, and the “different” name of the highway from Gevgelija to Skopje – “Aleksandar Makedonski – Alexander of Macedon”, added with the megalomaniac project “Skopje 2014” and the following facts, could be even funny. Previous director of the institution responsible for preserving the cultural heritage in FYROM, in the movie “A name is a name” claimed that “there would be third world war if he revealed the location”. Several years later, he was arrested from the same authorities that he worked with. Now on freedom, while current director is making surface researchs on archeological sites, claiming that “there is no such thing as tomb of Alexander the Great in Republic of Macedonia”. In the same time, the whole world history steals real Macedonian history, artefacts, knowledge… Previously, several claims were made, the “copper book” was involved, and some books were published and had good sales. Almost a decade ago, a businessman from Macedonia, whose company is involved in that project in Skopje, project who forgot that Macedonia is not (only) Skopje, claimed in public that “after he survived clinical death, he had an insight in which some voice showed him the location of a great tomb in which were buried the bodies of Philip, Aristotle and Alexander”. That followed with publishing his books with neuro linguistic programming and dianetics, substudy in scientology. After the attempt to decode and read the Rosseta Stone, macedonian scientists came with a clame in public that they can read even the artefacts that the official Egyptian archeology can’t read. From all locations mentioned in public – Kratovo, Kocani, Belasica, Ohrid, Bitola, Alshar mine, Solunska Glava, etc, several journalists, scientists, businessmen and politicians tried to mention a great mound in Ovce Pole, but without any success in attracting the public opinion nor initiating scientific research. Until the time came and it was announced – AS ABOVE, SO BELOW.
Native Macedonian from region of Ovce Pole managed to attract scientists that worked on a lot of megalithic, ancient and sacred sites with his knowledge from the ancient mysteries and the wonders of the mythical valley.
3 years ago, the international multidisciplinary scientific team Super Brain Research Group made a research on the great geoglyph in Kanda, valley of Ovce Pole in Republic of Macedonia. Their non-invasive archeo acoustic methods have proved existence of underground chambers beneath the great mound, and much more.
“Through analyzing the symbolism of the Macedonian royal dynasty and through dating by the method of the precession of equinoxes, we established that the geoglyph is precisely pointing to Alexander’s birthday in the calendar. The precise alignment of the rising Sun, Cassiopeia and geoglyph on Alexander’s birthday in 356 B.C. suggests that geoglyph contains something related to him, possibly his tomb or the tomb of a close relative.”
Abstract — Research was carried out on a geoglyph located in Kanda (Macedonia) by an international team using interdisciplinary methods (astronomy, philosophy, mythology, mathematics and physics). The research conducted on two occasions in 2014 was undertaken to establish all potential anomalies in the IS, US and EM spectrum with special attention to anomalies common to sacred sites, but as yet unexplained by standard physics.
We conclude the Geoglyph looks to be built on an artificial hill. This hill or mound also appears to be artificial from the aeroplane. The Geoglyph is visible only from the sky and is located in an oval ditch.
Some measurements suggest that there is chamber located below the surface. Research by different methods (infra-/ultrasound research, AMT measurements, binary algorithm synthesis from audio waves, data sonification and dowsing) also found that at the sacred enclosure primary water is located at the centre or at some point along its major axis. Furthermore, since the soil does not match the surrounding area, it would certainly appear that this mound has been carefully constructed with a specific purpose in mind. What exactly that purpose is remains to be investigated in future.
Abstract – This paper extends our previous research of an artificial mound in Kanda (Macedonia) from an archaeoastronomical point of view. In two previous papers, SB Research Group explained its archaeoacoustic research and established the existence of several cavities, likely burial chambers, inside the mound. This mound is essentially a massive earthwork, which, on its top contains two concentric – approximately oval frames and a large geoglyph in the center which resembles the mirror image of the Constellation of Cassiopeia. Through analyzing the symbolism of the Macedonian royal dynasty and through dating by the method of the precession of equinoxes, we established that the geoglyph is precisely pointing to Alexander’s birthday in the calendar. The precise alignment of the rising Sun, Cassiopeia and geoglyph on Alexander’s birthday in 356 B.C. suggests that geoglyph contains something related to him, possibly his tomb or the tomb of a close relative.
Abstract — Archaeoacoustic and Electromagnetic research of ancient sites is becoming an established discipline. SB Research Group (SBRG) have been developing a new methodology over the last five years using a practical archaeoacoustic standard (SBSA), which helps to explain certain phenomena which are commonly found at “sacred sites”. Applying this expertise enabled better understanding of the specific EM and acoustic wave emissions present on Kanda Hill, Macedonia. Analyzing these emissions enables better understanding of what lies below the surface. The previous research paper (ARSA 2014) demonstrated evidence of various physical phenomena present at this ancient site and the artificial origin of this hill, which should now be reffered to as a tumulus. At the time of writing the presence of interior cavities in was suspected, possibly consisting of small number of chambers and passageways. This hypothesis is corroborated by the evidence presented in this paper.
After the 3 scientific texts that followed this research, the requests for finishing the scientific research with GPR – geo penetrating radar was not approved by authorities in Republic of Macedonia. In meantime, for official macedonian archeology, this site is only “some trenches from the wars century ago” and nothing more. It is not even included in official sites of Municipality of Sveti Nikole. A year after the research of SBRG, some of the mentioned scientists and businessmen, with the municipality made destructive and invasive “checks for water” beneath the sacred mound on which top is the great geoglyph.
So coincidently so it can be even funny, the TFAHR research (Texas Foundation for Archeological and Historic Research) while working on the site Bylazora at the village Knezje in Ovce Pole, found an artefact – a “laconian key” for opening of one of the doors at the site. Bylazora is Bela Zora, that means white dawn and is located 4km away from this sacred mound with geoglyph. It’s architecture bears symbols that are found in Kutlesh, Aigai. In the old books, the old “laconian key” is the constellation of Cassiopeia. The same constellation that lies as a mirrored image above the geoglyph on the birthday of Alexander the Great.
Aleksandar Makedon “died” 42 days before his 33rd birthday. The 40, 42 days are still important in various traditions around the globe. Those days are very significant for the Dionysian Mysteries and contain a knowledge from the great Dionysian architects. Every mentioning of the sacred name of Makedon is invocation that awakes the spirits of the Ancients. The mound with geoglyph on top of it hides very important information for the past. Is this generation of human beings evolved enough to perceive it, is the question that awaits the answer. The answer is always simple and clear. The region Kanda in Ovce Pole valley holds the knowledge from IsKandaR. Let there be more Light. As Above, so Below.